9 Hyperthyroidism Symptoms You Must Know About
Hyperthyroidism, or a condition known as an overactive thyroid, is a term used to describe any disorder that results in the abnormal overproduction of the thyroid hormones. Some of the diseases associated with this ailment include Graves’ disease, Basedow’s disease, diffuse toxic goitre, thyrotoxicosis, and Parry’s disease. Hyperthyroidism afflicts 1.2% of the United States’ population, however, the correct figure could be much higher, as many people are unaware of it.
About the Thyroid and Hyperthyroidism
The thyroid is an endocrinal gland situated on the front part of the neck. Its job is to produce the triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) hormones; the chemicals responsible for basal metabolic rate regulation. They do this by assisting in the creation of protein ribonucleic acid (RNA), and by increasing the rate of oxygen absorption in each cell. The production of these hormones, on the other hand, is controlled by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland yields the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which triggers production of the thyroid hormones. When the thyroid hormone production continues to increase in spite of the amount of TSH being secreted, hyperthyroidism occurs. The abundance of thyroid chemicals in the bloodstream causes the body’s metabolism to go into overdrive thereby creating both physical and mental symptoms.
Here are 9 Hyperthyroidism Symptoms to be Aware of
A Thin Skin
Due to their influence on BMR (basal metabolic rate), the thyroid hormones influence the functioning of the heart, blood, and nervous system; all of which indirectly affect the skin. Thus, hyperthyroidism causes your skin to shed a little faster which results in a smoother but thinner skin. Additionally, the skin will tend to be moist, warm, and have an increased pigmentation. There will also be a flushing of the hands and face.
Because of elevated metabolic rate levels, people with hyperthyroidism will experience some weight loss. This is because the thyroid’s over activeness increases the individual’s caloric requirements needed to maintain their weight. If the patient does not increase the number of calories that they consume to match those that are burned, weight loss will follow.
The increased rate of metabolism will speed up all your standard body processes. Because you are burning energy at a fast pace, you are bound to feel hot.
The overstimulated central nervous system will lead to various psychological changes. Hyperthyroidism is typically characterized emotionally by hyper-emotionality, anxiety, and even psychosis. Additionally, individuals with this disorder tend to have short attention spans and difficulty in concentrating
This disease may cause you to have a fast pulse, which you will feel as rapid heart palpitations. Incidentally, the first indicator of Graves’ disease is atrial fibrillation; an irregular rhythm of the heart beats. Hyperthyroidism may induce heart failure in senior citizens who already have a heart disease. Additionally, one might experience shortness of breath.
An individual with hyperthyroidism may experience tremors, especially in their fingers whenever they hold their arms out. Also, you might notice an increase in your reflexes and the inability to be still.
Irregular Bowel Movements
Hyperthyroidism also hastens the process of digestion. Food will move through your gut faster than you are used to and thus you might have frequent bowel movements, and in other instances, diarrhoea. You might also experience vomiting and nausea. Also, you will pass urine more often than usual because your kidneys will be filtering more and at a faster rate.
Hyperthyroidism causes changes in the eyes. Luckily, they are reversible. The eyelids will be pulled up so high that even the white above the pupil is visible. This will give the impression of staring or being pop-eyed.
Altered Menstrual Cycles
Periods may become irregular, lighter, or even stop altogether.
Note that most of the symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism can also be associated with other ailments. Therefore, it is crucial to visit an endocrinologist so that they can diagnose and treat you if you do have the disease.