A goiter is an abnormal swelling of the thyroid gland that causes a lump to form in the neck.
The thyroid gland
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just in front of the windpipe (trachea). It produces thyroid hormones, which help regulate the body’s metabolism (the chemical processes that occur in the body).
The thyroid gland isn’t usually noticeable, but if it swells, it produces a lump on the neck known as a goiter.
The size of a goiter can vary from person to person. In most cases, the swelling is small and doesn’t cause any symptoms. However, in more severe cases, the swelling can increase significantly and affect breathing and swallowing.
A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. Symptoms of a goiter include enlargement of the throat, ranging from a small lump to a huge mass, swallowing problems and breathing problems. Causes include iodine deficiency and thyroid conditions, such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, nodules, and cancer. Treatment depends on the cause.