A goitre is an abnormal swelling of the thyroid gland that causes a lump to form in the neck.
The Thyroid Gland.
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just in front of the windpipe (trachea). It produces thyroid hormones, which help regulate the body’s metabolism (the chemical processes that occur in the body).
The thyroid gland isn’t usually noticeable, but if it swells, it produces a lump on the neck known as a goitre.
The size of a goitre can vary from person to person. In most cases, the swelling is small and doesn’t cause any symptoms. However, in more severe cases, the swelling can increase significantly and affect breathing and swallowing.
A goitre is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. Symptoms of a goitre include enlargement of the throat, ranging from a small lump to a huge mass, swallowing problems and breathing problems. Causes include iodine deficiency and thyroid conditions, such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, nodules and cancer. Treatment depends on the cause. The combine treatment involves getting the thyroid hormone levels back to normal, usually with combine herbs.
There are several possible causes of a goiter, such as:
- Underactive thyroid gland (such as in Hashimoto’s disease).
- Overactive thyroid gland ( as in Graves’ disease).
- Hormonal changes (as during puberty or in pregnancy).
- Iodine deficiency, which is the most common cause worldwide.
- Intake of goitrogens such as soy, peanuts, cabbage or broccoli.
- Pituitary disease.
- Nodules or cysts.
- Thyroid cancer.
- Certain medications.
Signs and Symptoms:
The size of a goiter can vary considerably. For most individuals with a goiter, the lump is small and may not cause noticeable symptoms.
The thyroid is close to various organs such as the trachea, esophagus, the laryngeal nerves, and the voice box. Thus, in more cases of severe thyroid enlargement, patients may present with symptoms such as:
- Tightness in the throat.
- Voice changes such as hoarseness.
- Difficulty breathing.
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